Electrolytes: What they are and how to make up for them



Electrolytes are elements that are found in the body and its fluids and carry an electrical charge. Maintaining their balance in the human body is important, since they regulate the distribution of water in the body, affect the pH of the blood and contribute to neuromuscular stimulation.

An electrolyte is any substance that contains free ions and behaves as a means of conducting electricity.

Electrolytes are necessary for muscle contractions, so that man can move, breathe, become the blood circulation, and generally maintain his robustness.

In extreme temperature conditions, when e.g. it is very hot, due to intense sweating and breathing, the body expels a large amount of water containing the electrolytes. The same can happen after intense exercise.

In these cases, you need replenishment of electrolytes either through some energy drinks or through the appropriate foods.

Easy ways to replenish electrolytes

  • Add a pinch of salt to a glass of water and drink it slowly. If you’re sick or have worked outdoors in the heat for more than 40 minutes, this is a quick way to make up for the sodium levels in your body. If you have high pressure, however, you should avoid salt.
  • Get yourself an electrolyte supplement. Electrolyte supplements are specially formulated to cover a person’s recovery needs. Be aware though that not all electrolyte formulas are healthy. Most of them contain maltodextrin and sugar. A recommended electrolyte would be the one from Dr. Berg Nutritionals. Tap the following link to read a thorough review of Dr. Berg’s Electrolyte Powder.
  • Eat a banana to make up for the potassium in your body. Drink a glass of water together to help absorb potassium. In the summer prefer watermelon that fights dehydration and is also a fruit of high potassium content.
  • Make your own sports drink to make up for lost electrolytes. Add 1/4 of a teaspoon of salt, 1/4 of a teaspoon of soda, the juice of 1/2 cup orange, and 2 tablespoons of sugar in 1 liter of water, and then mix the mixture.
  • Drink natural coconut water that you will find in stores selling organic products or in supermarkets. Coconut water is refreshing, moisturizing, and provides you with a good dose of potassium.
  • Replenish magnesium by eating broccoli or spinach and calcium by eating a bowl of yogurt, low-fat cheese, or a glass of milk.