The importance of doctorates in USA and their challenges

With the higher education system, people develop skills and technical, labor, and disciplinary knowledge for specialized development and professionalization. However, there are challenges of education in the USA that still need to be studied, such as access to graduate studies, then the case of doctorates will be reviewed.

But what is the current situation of education in the USA?

The current panorama of education in the USA is not so hopeful, because according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the country has the lowest proportion globally among adults (25-64 years) with a higher education degree. In addition to this, there are 13 different subsystems that have many differences between them.

In the case of doctorates in the USA, less than 1% of professionals complete one. However, remarkable progress has been made in recent years, where young adults have gone from finishing their education from 17% to 23%.  This means that around half a million graduates of the higher education system enter the world of work.

What is the importance of Doctorates in the USA?

Obtaining a higher education degree improves the lives of students, not only in economic terms but also in the workplace; For example, from 2010 to 2018 the unemployment rate for graduate students fell from 3.1% to 1.8%, representing greater participation in the labor market.

In the current panorama of education in the USA, postgraduate programs are recognized through the National Council of Science and Technology (Conacyt and its number is limited, around 22 thousand), in addition, only two-thirds are destined to studies of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

What role do higher education institutions play in this?

Universities have the task of bringing students closer to better skills through programs and their teachers, thus improving teaching and learning processes in order to raise the quality of education.

There are still many educational challenges in the USA with respect to higher education. For this reason, institutions must create models based beyond job competencies, but also focus on building soft and hard skills that allow students to achieve their level of competitiveness and extend their network of contacts.

Institutions such as Cetys Universidad, offer scholarships to Conacyt postgraduates as part of an educational model so that each student has the possibility of accessing the best opportunities. In addition, 8 out of 10 receive financial support to achieve it.

The current situation of education in the USA is through the high responsibility of the institutions that aim to prepare the professionals of the future, as well as to be bridged between the approach to the best possibilities of success in their preparation for the world of work. . That is the fundamental role of universities today and in the future.