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What Are Terps? What are 7 Cannabis Terpenes & Their Side Effects

What Are Terps?

What Are Terps?

When it comes to cannabis, the focus is often on cannabinoids like THC and CBD. However, there is another group of compounds that play a crucial role in the overall cannabis experience: terpenes. Terpenes are organic compounds found in various plants, including cannabis, that contribute to its distinct aroma and flavor. In this article, we will explore what terps are and delve into the seven most common cannabis terpenes and their effects.

 1. Limonene:

One of the most abundant terpenes in cannabis is limonene. As the name suggests, it imparts a citrusy aroma to certain strains. Limonene is commonly found in citrus fruits and is known for its uplifting and mood-enhancing effects. This terpene may also have anti-inflammatory and anti-anxiety properties, making it a popular choice among cannabis enthusiasts seeking a refreshing and energetic experience.

2. Myrcene:

Myrcene is another prevalent terpene found in cannabis and is responsible for the earthy and musky scent in some strains. It is also found in herbs like thyme and hops. Myrcene is believed to have sedative and relaxing effects, making it an ideal choice for those seeking a calming and tranquil cannabis experience. Additionally, it may enhance the absorption of other compounds, such as cannabinoids, in the body.

3. Pinene:

As the name suggests, pinene is the terpene responsible for the familiar scent of pine trees. It is found in high concentrations in certain cannabis strains and is also present in herbs like rosemary and basil. Pinene is believed to have uplifting and energizing effects and may also possess anti-inflammatory properties. This terpene is particularly interesting for its potential to improve airflow and respiratory function.

4. Linalool:

Linalool is a terpene known for its floral and lavender-like aroma. It is also found in various plants, including cannabis. Linalool is associated with relaxing and calming effects and may have anti-anxiety and analgesic properties. This terpene is often sought after by individuals looking for a soothing and stress-relieving cannabis experience.

Cannabis Terpenes and Their Effects

Cannabis Terpenes and Their Effects

5. Caryophyllene:

Caryophyllene is a unique terpene that also acts as a cannabinoid. It has a spicy and peppery aroma and is found in black pepper, cloves, and cannabis. Caryophyllene is known for its potential anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects. Moreover, it may interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, making it an intriguing compound for further research and exploration.

6. Terpinolene:

Terpinolene is a less common terpene compared to the others on this list but is still worth mentioning. It has a complex aroma with hints of pine, floral, and citrus notes. Terpinolene is believed to have a variety of effects, ranging from sedative to uplifting, depending on the strain and other compounds present. Further research is needed to fully understand its potential benefits.

7. Humulene:

Humulene, found in hops, sage, and cannabis, is responsible for the earthy and woody aroma in some strains. It may have anti-inflammatory and appetite-suppressing effects. Humulene is often combined with other terpenes to create a well-rounded cannabis experience.


Terpenes are fascinating compounds that contribute not only to the aroma and flavor of cannabis but also to its overall effects. From the uplifting qualities of limonene to the calming properties of myrcene, each terpene adds a unique dimension to the cannabis experience. As research continues, we can expect to uncover more about the potential benefits and interactions of terps.  

They enhance the sensory experience, create unique strain differentiations, and work synergistically with cannabinoids for the entourage effect. Terpenes also hold therapeutic potential and allow for individualized experiences, making them integral to the cannabis world.